Bibliography: an anthropology of white womanhood

Sitting areas reserved to “European ladies” in Calcutta early 1900

I have been thinking about white womanhood a lot this past year. Personal experiences with white women as well as reading the experiences of women of colour with white women and white feminism have “inspired” me to want to create a course on white womanhood from a sociological, social psychological, post/decolonial studies, gender studies and critical race studies perspectives in the hope to teach it one day. Amongst other things, I would like for it to explore white women’s innocence, fragility, the role they play in racism today as well as historically, the role they played/play in imperialism, etc.

White women doing some voluntourism in Africa in the 21st century

I’m open to non-academic pieces, including autobiographies, fiction, artwork, poetry, film, videos… and of course not necessarily western centric. I have asked people on Twitter and on the Facebook group Why is My Curriculum White and here is the beginning of a bibliography. Some of the links provide open access texts or PDFs, others are just linked to abstracts and summaries. Feel free to comment below if you have any suggestion.



Abu-Lughod, Lila. (2013). Do Muslim Women Need Saving?. Harvard University Press.

Apel, Dora. (2004).  Imagery of Lynching: Black Men, White Women, and the Mob. New Brunswick: Rutgers University.

Burton, Antoinette. (2000). Burdens of History: British Feminists, Indian Women, and Imperial Culture, 1865-1915. University of North Carolina Press.

Davis, Angela. (1981). Women, Race and Class. New York: Random House.

Delphy, Christine. (2015). Separate and Dominate: Feminism and Racism After the War on Terror. Verso Books.

Donaldson, Laura E. (1992). Decolonizing Feminisms: Race, Gender, and Empire-Building. Chapel Hill and London: The University of North Carolina Press.

Dorr Lindquist, Lisa. (2004). White Women, Rape, and the Power of race in Virginia, 1900-1960. Chapel Hill and London: The University of North Carolina Press.

Cooper, Brittney. (2018). Eloquent Rage: A Black Feminist Discovers Her Superpower. St Martin’s Press.

Eddo-Lodge, Reni. (2017). Why I’m No Longer Talking to White People About Race. Bloomsbury.

Evans, Julie, Grimshaw, Patricia, Phillips, David, & Swain, Shurlee. (2003). Unequal Subjects, Unequal Rights: Indigenous Peoples in British Settler Colonies, 1830-1910. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press.

Farris, Sara R. (2017). In the Name of Women’s Rights: The Rise of Femonationalism. Duke University Press.

Feimster, Crystal N. (2011). Southern Horrors: Women and the Politics of Rape and Lynching. Harvard University Press.

Ferber, Abby L. (1998). White Man Falling: Race, Gender and White Supremacy. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Fetcher, Anne-Meike. (2007). Transnational Lives: Expatriates in Indonesia. Routledge.

Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth. (1988). Within the Plantation House: Black and White Women in the Old South. University of South Carolina Press.

Frankenberg, Ruth. (1994). White Women, Race Matters: The Social Construction of Whiteness. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Gillepsie McRae, Elizabeth (2017). Mothers of Massive Resistance: White Women and the Politics of White Supremacy. Oxford University Press.

Hill Collins, Patricia. (2006). From Black Power to Hip Hop: Racism, Nationalism and Feminism. Temple University Press.

Irving, Debby. (2014). Waking Up White and Finding Myself in the Story of Race. Elephant Room.

Jayawardena, Kumari. (1995). The White Woman’s Other Burden: Western Women and South Asia During British Colonial Rule. London and New York: Routledge.

Midgley, Clare. (2007). Feminism and Empire: Women Activist in Imperial Britain, 1790-1865. London and New York: Routledge.

Gilmore, Glenda. (1996). Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920. The University of North Carolina Press.

Glover, Cameron. (2018). How White Women’s Tears Threaten Black Existence. Wear Your Voice.

Guy-Sheftall, Berverly. (1995). Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought. New York: The New York Press.

Hall, Catherine. (1992). White, Male and Middle Class: Explorations in Feminism and History. Cambridge: Polity Press.

hooks, bell. (1984). Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center. South End Press.

hooks, bell. (1987). Ain’t I a Woman: Black Women and Feminism. Pluto Press.

Hurtado, Aída. (1996). The Color of Privilege:  Three Blasphemies on Race and Feminism. The University of Michigan Press.

Jones, Cecily. (2014). Engendering Whiteness: White Women and Colonialism in Barbados and North Carolina, 1627-1865. Manchester University Press.

Knapman, Claudia. (1987). White Women in Fiji 1835-1930: The Ruin of Empire?. Allen & Unwin.

Lewis, Reina. (2013). Gendering Orientalism: Race, Femininity and Representation. Routledge.

Lindquist Dorr, Lisa. (2004). White Women, Rape and the Power of Race in Virginia, 1900-1960. Chapel Hill and London: The University of North Carolina Press.

Locher-Scholten, Elsbeth. (2000). Women and the Colonial State: Essays on Gender and Modernity in the Netherlands Indies, 1900-1942. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Lundström, Catrin. (2014). White Migrations. Gender, Whiteness and Privilege in Transnational Migration. Palgrave Macmillan.

Marcus, Jane. (2004). Hearts of Darkness: White Women Write Race. London: Rutgers University Press.

McClintock, Anne. (1995). Imperial Leather: Race, Gender and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest. Routledge.

Moreton-Robinson, Aileen. (2000). Talkin’ Up to the White Woman: Aboriginal Women and Feminism. University of Queensland Press.

Newman, Louise Michele. (1999). White Women’s Rights: The Racial Origins  of Feminism in the United States. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

O’Callaghan, Evelyn (2003). Women Writing the West Indies, 1804-1939: ‘A Hot Place Belonging To Us’. Routledge.

Pickles, Katie. (2002). Female Imperialism and National Identity: The Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press.

Razack, Sherene. (1998). Looking White People in the Eye: Gender, Race and Culture in Courtrooms and Classrooms. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Richie, Beth E. (2012). Arrested Justice: Black Women, Violence and America’s Prison Nation. NYU Press.

Roth, Benita. (2004). Separate Roads to Feminism: Black, Chicana, White Feminist Movements in America’s Second Wave. Cambridge University Press.

Stoler, Ann Laura. (1995). Race and the Education of Desire: Foucault’s History of Sexuality and the Colonial Order of Things. Durham: Duke University Press.

Stoler, Ann Laura. (2002). Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule. University of California Press.

Ware, Vron. (1992). Beyond the Pale: White Women, Racism and History. Verso Books.

Wekker, Gloria. (2016). White Innocence: Paradoxes of Colonialism and Race. Duke University Press.

Wildenthal, Lora. (2001). German Women For Empire, 1884-1945. Duke University Press.

Yeğenoğlu, Meyda. (1998). Colonial Fantasies: Towards a Feminist Reading of Orientalism. Cambridge University Press.

Yoshihara, Mari. (2003). Embracing the East: White Women and American Orientalism. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.


Edited Books

Alexander, M. Jacqui & Mohanty, Chandra Talpade. (1997). Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures. New York and London: Routledge.

Cavanagh, Edward & Veracini, Lorenzo. (2017). The Routledge Handbook of the History of Settler Colonialism. London and New York: Routledge.

Chaudhuri, Nupur & Strobel, Margaret. (1992). Western Women and Imperialism: Complicity and Resistance. Indiana University Press.

Eisenstein, Zillah. (2004). Against Empire: Feminisms, Racism, and the West. London and New York: Zed Books.

Foerstel, Lenora & Gilliam, Angela. (1992). Confronting the Legacy of Margaret Mead: Scholarship, Empire, and the South Pacific. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Green, Joyce. (2007). Making Space for Aboriginal Feminism. London: Zed Books.

Hunt, Krista & Rygiel, Kim. (2006). (En)Gendering the War on Terror: War Stories and Camouflaged Politics. Routledge.

Levine, Philippa. (2004). Gender and Empire. Oxford University Press.

Lewis, Reina & Mills, Sara. (2003) Feminist Poscolonial Theory: A Reader. New York: Routledge.

Midgley, Clare. (1998). Gender and Imperialism. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press.

Mirza, Heidi Safia. (1997). Black British Feminism: A Reader. London: Routledge.

Moraga, Cherríe & Anzaldúa, Gloria. (1981). This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by radical Women of Color. New York: Kitchen Table.

Narayan, Uma & Hrading, Sandra. (2000). Decentering the Center: Philosophy for a Multicultural, Postcolonial and Feminist World. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Persaud, Randolph & Sajed, Alina. (2018). Race, Culture and Gender in International Relations: Postcolonial Perspectives. London: Routledge.

Keskinen, Suvi, Tuori, Salla, Irni, Sari & Mulinari Diana. (2009). Complying With Colonialism: Race and Ethnicity in the Nordic Region. London and New York: Routledge.

Ray, Carina E. (2015). Crossing the Color Line: Race, Sex, and the Contested Politics of Colonialism in Ghana. Ohio University Press.

Razack, Sherene, Smith, Malinda, & Thobani, Sunera. (2010). States of Race: Critical Race Feminism for the 21st Century. Toronto: Between the Lines.

Sjoberg, Laura. (2010). Gender and International Security: Feminist Perspectives. London and New York: Routledge.

Sjoberg, Laura & Via, Sandra. (2010). Gender, War and Militarism: Feminist Perspectives. Santa Barbara: Praeger.

Sutton, Barbara, Morgen, Sandra, & Novkov, Julie. (2008). Security Disarmed: Critical Perspectives on Gender, Race, and Militarization. Rutgers State University.

Wane, Njoki, Jagire, Jennifer, & Murad, Zahra. (2013). Ruptures: Anti-colonial and Anti-racist Feminist Theorizing. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.


Book chapters

Ang, Ien. (2003). “I’m a Feminist But… ‘Other’ Women and Postnational Feminism”. In  Reina Lewis & Sara Mills. (Eds). Feminist Poscolonial Theory: A Reader. New York: Routledge, pp. 190-206.

Aziz, Razia. (1995). Feminism and the Challenge of Racism: Deviance or Difference?. In M. Blair, et al. (Eds). Identity and Diversity:  Gender and the Experience of Education. The Open University, pp. 161-172.

Bilge, Sirma. (2008). Between Gender and Cultural Equality. In Engin Fahri Isin (Ed). Recasting the Social in Citizenship. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, pp. 100-133.

Burton, Antoinette. (1992). The White Woman’s Burden: British Feminists and the ‘Indian Woman’ 1965-1915. In N. Chaudhuri & M. Strobel, (Eds). Western Women and Imperialism: Complicity and Resistance. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 137-157.

Carby, Hazel V. (1996). White Woman Listen! Black Feminism and the Boundaries of Sisterhood.

Carby, Hazel V. (2003). ‘On The Threshold of Woman’s Era’: Lynching, Empire and Sexuality in Black Feminist Theory. In R. Lewis & S. Mills (Eds). Feminist Postcolonial Theory: A Reader. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 222-237.

Daniels, Jessie. (2016). The Trouble With White Feminism: Whiteness, Digital Feminism, and the Intersectional Internet. In S. Umoja Noble  & B. M. Tynes (Eds). The Intersectional Internet: Race, Sex, Class and Culture Online.

Davis, Natalie Zemon. (2003). Iroquois Women, European Women. In R. Lewis & S. Mills (Eds). Feminist Postcolonial Theory: A Reader. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 135-160.

de Matos, Christine. (2009). Living the Colonial Lifestyle: Australian Women and Domestic Labour in Occupied Japan, 1945-1952. In H. Hägerdal (Ed), Responding to the West: Essays on Colonial Domination and Asian Agency. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Enloe, Cynthia. (2016). Being Reflexively Feminist Shouldn’t Be Easy.  In Annick T. R. Wibben, (Ed). Researching War: Feminist Methods, Ethics and Politics. New York: Routledge, pp. 258-259.

Haggis, Jane. (2003). White Women and Colonialism: Towards a Non-Recuperative History. In R. Lewis & S. Mills (Eds). Feminist Postcolonial Theory: A Reader. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 190-206.

Haskins, Victoria. (2009). Her Old Ayah: The Transcolonial Significance of the Indian Domestic Worker in India and Australia. In H. Hägerdal (Ed), Responding to the West: Essays on Colonial Domination and Asian Agency. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

hooks, bell. (2003). The Oppositional Gaze: Black Female Spectators. In R. Lewis & S. Mills (Eds). Feminist Postcolonial Theory: A Reader. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 207-221.

Lorde, Audre. (1984). ‘The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House.’ Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches. Ed. Berkeley, CA: Crossing Press. 110- 114.

Richter-Monpetit, Melanie. (2016). Militarized Masculinities, Women Torturers, and the Limits of Gender Analysis at Abu Ghraib. In Annick T. R. Wibben, (Ed). Researching War: Feminist Methods, Ethics and Politics. New York: Routledge, pp. 92-116.

Koyama, Emi. (2006). Whose Feminism Is It Anyway? The Unspoken Racism of the Trans Inclusion Debate. In Susan Stryker & Stephen Whittle. (Eds). The Transgender Studies Reader. Routledge.

Moon, Dreama. (1998). White Enculturation and Bourgeois Ideology: The Discursive Production of ‘Good (White) Girls’. In Thomas K. Nakayama & Judith N. Martin, (Eds). Whiteness: The Communication of Social Identity. Thousand Oaks: Sage, pp. 177-197.

Stoler, Ann Laura. (1997). Making Empire Respectable: The Politics of Race and Sexual Morality in Twentieth Century Colonial Cultures. In Anne, McClintock, Aamir, Mufti and Ella, Shohat (Eds). Dangerous Liaisons: Gender, Nation and Postcolonial Perspectives. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 344-373.

Ware, Von. (2003). To Make the Facts Known: Racial Terror and the construction o White Femininity. In R. Lewis & S. Mills (Eds). Feminist Postcolonial Theory: A Reader. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp. 103-134.

Woollacott, Angela. (2003). Creating the White Colonial Woman: Mary Gaunt’s Imperial Adventuring and Australian Cultural History. In Hsu-Ming Teo & R. White (Eds.), Cultural History in Australia, 186-200. Sydney: UNSW Press.


Journal articles

Aanerud, Rebecca. (2007). The Legacy of White Supremacy and the Challenge of White Antiracist Mothering. Hypatia, 22(2), 20-38.

Abu-Lughod, Lila. (2001). Orientalism and Middle East Feminist Studies. Feminist Studies, 27(1), 101-113.

Abu-Lughod, Lila. (2002). Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving? Anthropological Reflections on Cultural Relativism and Its Others. American Anthropologist, 104(3), 783-790.

Alcoff, Linda Martín. (1998). What Should White People Do? Hypatia, 13(3), 6-26.

Bailey, Alison. (1998). Locating Traitorous Identities: Toward a View of Privilege-Cognizant White Character. Hypatia, 13(3), 27-42.

Barney, Katelyn. (2008). ‘We’re Women We Fight For Freedom’: Intersections of Race and Gender in Contemporary Songs by Indigenous Australian Women Performers. Women’s Studies Journal, 22(1), 3-19.

Behrendt, Larissa. (1993). Aboriginal Women and the White Lies of the Feminist Movement: Implications for Aboriginal Women in Rights Discourse. Australian Feminist Law Journal, 1, 27-44.

Brah, Avtar & Phoenix, Ann. (2004). Ain’t I A Woman. Journal of International Women’s Studies, 5(8), 75-86.

Breines, Wini. (2002). What’s Love Got To Do With It? White Women, Black Women, and Feminism in the Movement Years. Signs, 27(4), 1095-1133.

Brewster, Anne. (2007). Brokering cross-racial feminism: Reading Indigenous Australian poet Lisa Bellear. Feminist Theory, 8(2), 209-221.

Carrillo Rowe, Aimee M. (2000). Locating Feminism’s Subject: The Paradox of White Femininity and the Struggle to Forge Feminist Alliances. Communication Theory, 10(1), 64-80.

Case, Kim A. (2012). Discovering the Privilege of Whiteness: White Women’s Reflections on Anti-racist Identity and Ally Behavior. Journal of Social Issues, 68(1), 78-96.

Choudhury, Cyra Akila. (2009). Empowerment or Estrangement? Liberal Feminism’s Visions of the ‘Progress’ of Muslim Women. University of Baltimore law Forum, 39(2), 153-172.

DiAngelo, Robin. (2011). White Fragility. The International Journal of Critical Pedagogy.

Eisenstein, Zillah. (2004). Sexual Humiliation, Gender Confusion and the Horrors at Abu Ghraib. Women’s Human Rights net.

Fellows, Mary Louise & Razack, Sherene. (1998). The Race to Innocence: Confronting Hierarchical Relations among Women. Journal of Gender, Race and Justice, 335-352.

Ferber, Abby L. (2007). Whiteness Studies and the Erasure of Gender. Sociology Compass, 1(1), 265-282.

Fetcher, Anne-Meike. (2010). Gender, Empire, Global Capitalism: Colonial and Expatriate Wives. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 36, 1279-1294.

Fetcher, Anne-Meike. (2016). Mobility, White Bodies and Desire: Euro-American Women in Jakarta. The Australian Journal of Anthropology, 27(1), 66-83.

Frankenberg, Ruth. (1993). Growing up White: Feminism, Racism and the Social Geography of Childhood. Feminist Review, 45(1), 51-84.

Franks, Myfanwy. (2000). Crossing the Borders of Whiteness? White Muslim Women Who Wear the Hijab in Britain Today. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 23(5), 917-929.

Gilchrist, Kristen. (2010). ‘Newsworthy’ Victims? Exploring Differences in Canadian Press Coverage of Missing/Murdered Aboriginal and White Women. Feminist Media Studies.

Gillepsie, Diane, Ashbaugh, Leslie, & DeFiore, JoAnn. (2002). White Women Teaching White Women About White Privilege, Race, Cognizance, and Social Action: Toward a Pedagogical Pragmatics. Race, Ethnicity and Education, 5(3), 237-253.

Griffin, Gail B. (1998). Speaking of Whiteness: Disrupting White Innocence. The Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association, 31(3), 3-14.

Haggis, Jane. (1990). Gendering Colonialism or Colonizing Gender? Recent Women’s Studies Approaches to White Women and the History of British Colonialism. Women’s Studies International Forum, 13(1-2), 105-115.

Hill Collins, Patricia. (1998). It’s All in the Family: Intersections of Gender, Race and Nation. Hypatia, 13(3), 62-82.

Hodes, Martha. (1993). The Sexualization of Reconstruction Politics: White Women and Black Men in the South After the Civil War. Journal of the History of Sexuality, 3(3), 402-417.

Holton, Sandra Stanley. (2001). Segregation, Racism and White Women Reformers: a Transnational Analysis, 1840-1912. Women’s History Review, 10(1),  5-26.

hooks, bell. (1986). Sisterhood: Political Solidarity Between Women. Feminist Review, 23, 125-138.

Hunter, Margaret L. and Nettles, Kimberly D. (1999). What About the White Women? Racial Politics in a Women’s Studies Classroom. Teaching Sociology, 27(4), 385-397.

Hurtado, Aída. (1989). Relating to Privilege: Seduction and Rejection in the Subordination of White Women and Women of Color. Signs, 14(4), 833-855.

Jibrin, Rekia. (2017). ‘Ain’t I a Feminist?’: the Politics of Gender Violence, Anti-violence, and Education in Oakland, CA. Gender, Place and Culture, 24(4), 545-562.

Jones, Cecily. (2016). White Women in British Caribbean Plantation Societies (Topical Guide). Humanities and Social Sciences Online.

Jonsson, Terese. (2014). White Feminist Stories: Locating Race in Representations of Feminism in The Guardian. Feminist Media Studies, 14(6), 1012-1027.

Jonsson, Terese. (2016). The Narrative Reproduction of White Feminist Racism. Feminist Review, 113(1), 50-67.

Keskinen, Suvi. (2013). Antifeminism and White Identity Politics: Political Antagonisms in Radical Right-wing Populist And Anti-immigration Rhetoric in Finland. Nordic Journal of Migration Research, 3(4), 225-232.

Khalid, Maryam. (2011). Gender, Orientalism and Representation of the ‘Other’ in the War on Terror. Global Change, Peace and Security, 23(1), 15-29.

Kolbert, J. (2017). Having It Both Ways: White Denial of Racial Salience While Claiming Oppression. Sociology Compass, 11(2).

Korpela, Mari. (2006). ‘I’m Not Like Indian Women’: Reflections of Young European Women in Varanasi, India. J@rgonia, 9.

Lake, Marilyn. (1993). Colonized and Colonising: the White Australian Feminist Subject. Women’s History Review, 2(3), 377-386.

Leigh, Darcy. (2017). Queer Feminist International Relations: Uneasy Alliances, Productive Tensions. Alternatif Politika, 9(3).

Lensmire, Timothy J. (2010). Ambivalent White Racial Identities: Fear and an Elusive Innocence. Race Ethnicity and Education, 13(2), 159-172.

Leonard, Pauline. (2008). Migrating identities: gender, whiteness and Britishness in post-colonial Hong Kong. Gender, Place & Culture,15(1), 45‑60.

Leonardo, Zeus. (2013). The Color of Supremacy: Beyond the Discourse of ‘White Privilege’. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 36(2), 137-152.

Lorde, Audre. (1981). The Uses of Anger: Women Responding to Racism. National Women’s Studies Association conference, Storrs, Connecticut.

Loza, Susana. (2014). Hashtag Feminism, #SolidarityIsForWhiteWomen, and the Other #FemFuture. Ada: A Journal of Gender, New Media and Technology, 5.

Maira, Sunaina. (2008). Belly Dancing: Arab-Face, Orientalist Feminism, and US Empire. The American Studies Association, 317-345.

Magnet, Shoshana. (2006). Protesting Privilege: An Autoethnographic Look at Whiteness. Qualitative Inquiry.

Mohanty, Chandra Talpade. (2006). US Empire and the Project of Women’s Studies: Stories of Citizenship, Complicity and Dissent. Gender, Place and Culture, 13(1), 7-20.

Moreton-Robinson, Aileen. (2000). Troubling Business: Difference and Whiteness Within Feminism. Australian Feminist Studies, 15(33), 343-352.

Moreton-Robinson, Aileen. (2003). Tiddas Talkin’Up To the White Woman: When Huggins et al Took On Bell. Blacklines: Contemporary Critical Writing by Indigenous Australians.

Motwani Accapadi, Mamta. (2007). When White Women Cry: How White Women’s Tears Oppress Women of Color. College Student Affairs Journal, 26(2), 208-215.

Mulinari, Diana & Neergaard, Anders. (2015). Racist Dreams and Municipal Budgets: Women Representing a Culturally Racist Party in Local Politics. Social Identities, 1-18.

Ortega, Mariana. (2006). Being Lovingly, Knowingly Ignorant: White Feminism and Women of Color. Hypatia, 21(3), 56-74.

Pape, John. (2007). Black and White: The ‘Perils of Sex’ in Colonial Zimbabwe. Journal of Southern African Studies, 16(4), 699-720.

Perry, Adele. (1997). “Fair Ones Of a Purer Caste”: White Women and Colonialism in Nineteenth-Century British Columbia. Feminist Studies, 23(3), 501-524.

Razack, Sherene, H. (1994). What is to be Gained from Looking White People in the Eye? Culture, Race and Gender in Cases of Sexual Violence. Signs, 19(4), 894-.

Razack, Sherene H. (2005). How is White Supremacy Embodied? Sexualized Racial Violence at Abu Ghraib. Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, 341-364.

Richter-Monpetit, Melanie. (2007). Empire, Desire and Violence: A Queer Transnational Feminist Reading of the Prisoner ‘Abuse’ in Abu Ghraib and the Question of ‘Gender Equality’.  International Feminist Journal of Politics, 9(1), 38-59.

Richter-Monpetit, Melanie. (2014). Beyond the Erotics of Orientalism: Lawfare, Torture and the Racial-Sexual Grammars of Legitimate Suffering. Security Dialogue, 1(45).

Ross, Thomas. (1990). The Rhetorical Tapestry of Race: White Innocence and Black Abstraction. William & Mary Law Review, 32(1), 1-40.

Scraton, Sheila, Caudwell, Jayne, & Holland, Samantha. (2005). ‘Bend It Like Patel’: Centring ‘Race’, Ethnicity and Gender in Feminist Analysis of Women’s Football in England. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 40(1), 71-88.

Sensoy, Özlem. & DiAngelo, Robin. (2006). I wouldn’t want to be a woman in the Middle East: White female student teachers and the narrative of the oppressed Muslim woman. Radical Pedagogy, 8(1).

Sholock, Adale. (2012). Methodology of the Privileged: White Anti-racist Feminism, Systemic Ignorance and Epistemic Uncertainty. Hypatia, 27(4), 701-714.

Smith, Victoria. (2002) The Attack of the Fifty-Foot Woman, or how (White Age-American) Feminism Went From Jouissance to Melancholy. Genderealisations, 1, 20-42.

Syed, Jawad & Ali, Faiza. (2011). The White Woman’s Burden: From Colonial Civilization to Third World Development. Thirld World Quaterly, 32(2), 349-365).

Thobani, Sunera. White Wars: Western Feminisms and the “War on Terror”. Feminist Theory, 8(2), 169-185.

Thomlinson, Natalie. (2012). The Colour of Feminism: White Feminists and Race in the Women’s Liberation Movement. History, 97(327), 453-475.



Burke, Deborah, A. (2007). An Autoethnography of  Whiteness. PhD Thesis, Oregon State University.

Copeland, Tamar M. (1989). White Women in South Africa: An Inferior Gender Within a Superior Race. Carnegie Mellon University.

Jonsson, Terese. (2015). White Feminist Stories: Locating Race in the Narratives of British Feminism. PhD Thesis, London Metropolitan University.

Horn-Miler, Kahente. (2009). Skywoman’s Great Granddaughters: a Narrative Inquiry Into Kanienkehaka Women’s Identity. PhD Thesis, Concordia University.

Wernecke, Katie. (2013). Across the Empire: British Women’s Travel Writing and Women’s Place in the British Imperial Project During the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century. Masters Thesis, Florida Atlantic University.



Indigenous women on Turtle island schooling white woman journalist (2017)

White “British woman haggles over $1.50 tea in Nepal, Instantly regrets it” (2017)

Haunani-Kay Trask (Hawaiian scholar and activist) responds to racist white American woman caller (1990)

Racist attack in Canada (2018)

Waheed, Amina. (2018). The Very White History of Feminist Organizing. Jezebel.



Ali, Nadya. (2018). Jess Phillips, Lena Dunham, and White Feminism. Media Diversified.

Alleras, Kimberly Seals. (2018). Rethinking Work-Life Balance for Women of Color. Slate.

Arit, John. (2013). The Year in #SolidarityIsForWhiteWomen and Twitter Feminism. The Atlantic.

Barber, Shanon. (2017). White People: Stop Weaponizing Our Emotions to Avoid Your Racism. Wear Your Voice Mag.

Barber, Shanon. (2017). Black Magic, Black Skin: Decolonizing White Witchcraft. Ravishly.

Barbie Savior.

Blavity Team. (2018). A Pink Pu**y Hat Was Placed On A Statue of Harriet Tubman, Black Twiter Asks ‘What Are You Doing?’. Blavity.

Bond, Chelsea. (2018). A White Woman Took My Baby. IndigenousX.

Buzack-Achiam, Sophie. (2018). Stop using mixed race people as symbols of interracial unity to ease your white guilt. Friktion Magasin.

Casper, Monica J. (2013). No Justice for Trayvon: White Women in the Jury Box. The Feminist Wire.

Cole, Olivia. (2016). “The White [Wo]Men Are Dangerous”: A Brief Look at White Women’s Violence in Entertainment. Medium.

Coles, Donyae. (2018). How “Good” White People Silence People of Color Everyday. Wear Your Voice Mag.

Cornum, Lou. (2018). White Magic. The New Inquiry.

Dodd, Jay. (2016). Why I’m Scared of White Women. The Establishment.

Gillespsie Mcrae, Elizabeth. (2018). The Women Behind White Power. The New York Times.

Goh, Katie. (2018). Mary Beard and White Feminism’s Crocodile Tears. Gal-dem.

Gordon, Linda. (2017). How Women in The KKK Were Instrumental To Its Rise. Buzzfeed.

Hamad, Ruby. (2018). How white women use strategic tears to silence women of color. The Guardian.

Jackson, Jenn M. (2017). Women Have Always Been a Part of White Supremacy. Teen Vogue.

Jones, Cecily. (2015). Shades of White: Gender, Race and Slavery in the Caribbean. Open Democracy.

Kelly, Kim. (2018). Gather Your People: White Women Must Hold Each Other Accountable For Racism. Bitch Media.

Kendall, Mikki. (2013). #SolidarityIsForWhiteWomen: Women of Color’s Issue With Digital Feminism. The Guardian.

Kent, Clarkisha. (2017). #SolidarityIsForWhiteWomen, Part 2: On Rose McGowan and the Continued Failure of White Feminism. The Root.

Kent, Clarkisha. (2018). The Black Woman’s Tale: Why Margaret Atwood’s Espousal of White Feminist Beliefs Shouldn’t Surprise You. The Root.

Lindsay, Emma. (2016). White Guilt is Actually White Narcissism. Medium.

Oluo, Ijeoma. (2017). The Heart of Whiteness: Ijeoma Oluo Interviews Rachel Dolezal, the White Woman Who Identifies As Black. The Stranger.

McQuire, Amy. (2018). Mainstream Feminism Still Blind to Its Racism. IndigenousX

Michelle, Lecia. (2018). Can Black Women and White Women Truly Be Friends? Medium.

Mirza, Aisha. (2017). White Women Drive Me Crazy. Buzzfeed.

Mitchell, Koritha. (2018). In America, White Women Can Get Away With Almost Anything. Huffington Post.

Nagarajan, Chitra. (2013). Femen’s Obsession with Nudity Feeds a Racist Colonial Feminism. The Guardian.

Orr, Niela. (2018). Why It’s So Hard For White Women Rappers To be Taken Seriously. Buzzfeed.

Rawlings, Elizabeth. (2018). Race, Trust, and Friendship: Dear White Women. Medium.

Rothkopf, Joanna. (2017). White Women Keep Fucking Us Over. Jezebel.

Sanghani, Radhika. (2015). The Uncomfortable Truth About Racism and the Sufragettes. The Telegraph.

Seaton, Kelli. (2017). Black Educators Share Their Thoughts on What Happens When White Women Cry in Schools. Philly’s 7th Ward.

Smith, Laura. (2017). Charlotesville: The Truth About Women and White Supremacy. The Cut.

Smith, Shara. (2018). White Feminism is a Threat to Social Justice and Democracy. Gritpost.

Tilley, Lisa. (2018). “But what about the aid worker?”. AlJazeera.

The Race Card. (2018). White Women Weaponize Their Tears to Assert Their Power Over PoC. Afropunk.

Tran, Kim. (2014). White Women Say I’m Too Confident (and Other Racist S*&%). Black Girl Dangerous.

Vaid-Menon, Alok. (2016). What Has Always Been: A Diary About Gender Under Trump. Harper’s Blog.

Weber, Shannon. (2017). Pure Evil: The Entwined History of White Supremacy and Fat Hatred. Bitch Media.



Alabanza, Travis. (2016). WOMB-ONLY.

White women members of the KKK
White women overwhelmingly voted for Donald Trump at the last US Presidential elections


I am also now working on a French bibliography.


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